Malaysia politics and Malaysian political system

The politics of Malaysia is based on a federal constitutional monarchy, in which the King is head of state and the Prime Minister is the head of government. Executive power is exercised by the federal government and the 13 state governments. Federal legislative power is vested in the federal parliament and the 13 state assemblies. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature, though the executive maintains a certain level of influence in the appointment of judges to the courts.

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King of Malaysia (Yang di-Pertuan Agong)

The Federation of Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy. Officially the head of state is the Highest Governor or Yang di-Pertuan Agong (the king). The Malaysian kings are chosen for a 5 year term from the 9 sultans of the states of the Malaysian peninsula. The present King is Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Shah, successor of Mizan Zainal Abidin. On the 14th of October 2011 it was decided during a special meeting of the Conference of Rulers that the 83 year old Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Shah would become the next and 14th King of Malaysia. It will be the first time a Sultan is crowned King two times, as Sultan Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Shah was already King of Malaysia between 1970 and 1975.

The former King of Malaysia; Mizan Zainal Abidin was the 17th sultan of the Terengganu province, and with just 36 years of age he was the youngest sultan ever. Mizan Zainal Abidin is the 13th Malaysian king, and the second youngest king in the country's history. He was chosen as king at the age of 44. As almost all sultans in Malaysia, Mizan Zainal Abidin received his education abroad, and before becoming sultan he occupied several high positions at home and abroad.


All Kings of Malaysia

#   King Sultanate Period
1. Abdul Rahman Abdul Rahman Negeri Sembilan 1957 - 1960
2. Hishamuddin Alam Shah Hishamuddin Alam Shah Selangor 1960 - 1960
3. Syed Harun Putra Syed Harun Putra Perlis 1960 - 1965
4. Ismail Nasirrudin Shah Ismail Nasirrudin Shah Terengganu 1965 - 1970
5. Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Shah Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Shah Kedah 1970 - 1975
6. Yahya Putra Yahya Putra Kelantan 1975 - 1979
7. Ahmad Shah al-Mustain Billah Ahmad Shah al-Mustain Billah Pahang 1979 - 1984
8. Mahmud Iskandar Mahmud Iskandar Johor 1984 - 1989
9. Azlan Muhibbudin Shah Azlan Muhibbudin Shah Perak 1989 - 1994
10. Ja'afar Ja'afar Negeri Sembilan 1994 - 1999
11. Salehuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Salehuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Selangor 1999 - 2001
12. Syed Sirajuddin Syed Sirajuddin Perlis 2001 - 2006
13. Mizan Zainal Abidin Mizan Zainal Abidin Terengganu 2006 - 2011
14. Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Shah Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Shah Kedah 2011 - 2016
15. Sultan Muhammad V Sultan Muhammad V Kelantan 2016 - 2019
16. Al-Sultan Abdullah Al-Haj Al-Sultan Abdullah Al-Haj Pahang 2019 - 20xx

Government & Prime Minister

The government has the Executive power. It is conducted by the premier (from 2009 and on: Najib Tun Razak, and before that, for 6 years Abdullah Ahmad Badawi). The Congress exists of two Houses: the senate (Dewan Negara) and the House of Commons (dewan Rakyat). The Malaysian constitution states that the premier has to be elected from the House of Commons, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (king) eventually picks the new prime minister.


All Prime Ministers of Malaysia

#   Prime Minister Period
1. Tunku Abdul Rahman Tunku Abdul Rahman 1957-1970
2. Tun Abdul Razak Tun Abdul Razak 1970-1976
3. Tun Hussein Onn Tun Hussein Onn 1976-1981
4. Mahathir bin Mohamad Mahathir bin Mohamad (Dr. M) 1981-2003
5. Dato Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi Dato Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi (Pak Lah) 2003-2009
6. Najib Tun Razak Najib Tun Razak 2009-2018
7. Mahathir bin Mohamad Mahathir bin Mohamad 2018-20xx

The Government is composed of members from both Houses of the Congress, and accounts to them. Early 2004, the government moved to the newly build Putrajaya. All 69 members of the senate have a 6 year term of office; 36 are elected by the 13 state meetings, and 42 are appointed by the king. The representatives of the House are chosen from districts with a member by ways of general voting. The 193 members of the House of Representatives are elected for a maximum term of office of 5 years. The legislature is divided between the federal law departments and those of the state.

More pages with information about Malaysia